This is the most familiar and popular activity, and for that reason is probably overused. However, there are many important things to bear in mind when using them, and there are many different ways to use them.
- Have a point, be it vocabulary or prepositions or whatever.
- Don't cloze 3 or more in a row.
- For lower levels: give the first letter, miss out word endings, give dashes for letters, or give a glossary.
- Give vocabulary clues or synonyms for the missing words.
- Get students to work in pairs to predict words before you play the tape.
- Insert extra words which students then cross out as they listen.
- Change the words, as in "Careful Shouts" or "Countless Whiskies."
- Cloze unstressed, then stressed words in the same song, and have students discuss why one is easier than the other.
- Cloze several words in a row and Ss have to guess not only form (adj., adv., n., vb, prep.) but words, rhythm and rhyme.